Peter Higgs, Who Proposed Existence of Higgs Boson Particle, Dies at 94

Peter Higgs, Who Proposed Existence of Higgs Boson Particle, Dies at 94

Higgs obtained honorary levels from greater than a dozen universities, together with Edinburgh (1998), Swansea (2008) Cambridge (2012), St Andrews and Manchester (2013).

Peter Higgs, Who Proposed Existence of Higgs Boson Particle, Dies at 94
Peter Higgs

London: Nobel prize-winning physicist Peter Higgs, who proposed the existence of the so-called “God particle” that helped clarify how matter shaped after the Huge Bang, has died at age 94, the College of Edinburgh stated Tuesday. The college, the place Higgs was emeritus professor, stated he died Monday “peacefully at dwelling following a brief sickness.”

Higgs predicted the existence of a brand new particle — the so-called Higgs boson — in 1964. However it might be nearly 50 years earlier than the particle’s existence could possibly be confirmed on the Massive Hadron Collider.
Higgs’ concept associated to how subatomic particles which can be the constructing blocks of matter get their mass. This theoretical understanding is a central a part of the so-called Commonplace Mannequin, which describes the physics of how the world is constructed.

Edinburgh College stated his groundbreaking 1964 paper demonstrated how “elemental particles achieved mass by way of the existence of a brand new sub-atomic particle″ which turned often known as the Higgs boson.

In 2012, in one of many greatest breakthroughs in physics in many years, scientists at CERN, the European Group for Nuclear Analysis, introduced that that they had lastly discovered a Higgs boson utilizing the $10 billion particle collider in-built a 17-mile (27-kilometer) tunnel underneath the Swiss-French border.
Higgs received the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work, alongside Francois Englert of Belgium, who independently got here up with the identical concept.

Edinburgh College Vice Chancellor Peter Mathieson stated Higgs, who was born in Newcastle, was “a exceptional particular person – a very gifted scientist whose imaginative and prescient and creativeness have enriched our data of the world that surrounds us.”

“His pioneering work has motivated 1000’s of scientists, and his legacy will proceed to encourage many extra for generations to come back.” Higgs’ work helps remedy one of the elementary riddles of the universe: how the Huge Bang created one thing out of nothing 13.7 billion years in the past.

Discovering corroboration wasn’t simple. It took greater than twenty years, 1000’s of scientists and mountains of information from trillions of colliding protons.

And it wanted the world’s greatest atom smasher CERN’s Massive Hadron Collider to supply the acute surge of energies simulating these 1 trillionth to 2 trillionths of a second after the Huge Bang.

One spotlight of Higgs’ illustrious profession got here through the 2013 presentation at CERN in Geneva the place scientists introduced in advanced phrases — unfathomable to most laypeople and based mostly on statistical evaluation — that the boson has been confirmed. He broke into tears, wiping down his glasses within the stands of the lecture corridor.

Born in Newcastle, northeast England on Might 29, 1929, Higgs studied at King’s School, College of London, and was awarded a PhD in 1954. He spent a lot of his profession at Edinburgh, changing into the Private Chair of Theoretical Physics on the Scottish college in 1980. He retired in 1996.

Higgs obtained honorary levels from greater than a dozen universities, together with Edinburgh (1998), Swansea (2008) Cambridge (2012), St Andrews and Manchester (2013). In 2013 he was appointed a Companion of Honor by Queen Elizabeth II.



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